Photos by Arkibong Bayan, Lito
Sosmeña and Tudla Productions as indicated by the filenames
SEPTEMBER 21, 2011
On the occasion of the 39th year of the
declaration of martial law
Political repression remains under P-Noy, son of a political prisoner —Karapatan
Today’s commemoration of the 39th year of the declaration of martial law
is again an occasion for the President to reminisce the experience of how
he and his family suffered under martial law. His father, Ninoy Aquino,
was jailed for expressing his views against the ills in Philippine
society, for criticizing the human rights record of the former dictator
and for espousing democracy.
But as he may recall the suffering of his family, he callously ignores the
suffering of other families whose sons, daughters, wives, husbands,
fathers and mothers are detained, not by the dictator but by his
government; not 39 years ago, but today.
Today is the second martial law commemoration under this government that
we, human rights organizations and families and friends of political
prisoners, are calling on P-Noy to release the 360 political prisoners (as
of 30 August 2011) detained all over the country. Ironically, this son of
a former political prisoner has turned a deaf ear to the call for the
release of political prisoners, especially the elderly, the sick, the
women and the JASIG-protected detainees and those who were illegally
arrested simply because they live in areas where revolutionary groups are
operating or those who were illegally arrested because of the so-called
war against terror.
The political prisoners today are no different from the President’s
father. Most of them may even have campaigned for the release of Ninoy
along with the other political prisoners of the dictator; a number of them
have raised their fists, fought the dictator and called for justice when
Ninoy Aquino was assassinated.
P-Noy likes to project himself as the opposite of the hated GMA regime.
Yet, those detained during the past regimes are still in jail. GMA and his
cohorts are still free. No matter how he puts blame on GMA, they are his
A general, unconditional and omnibus amnesty is the quickest way the
President could release all the political prisoners. It has been done. He
did it in the case of the Magdalo soldiers. Yet he remains indifferent to
the political prisoners whose beliefs run counter with the government.
Worst, the P-Noy government continues the practice of arrest and detention
of those who criticize the government’s inaction to solve the soaring
prices of basic commodities, unabated oil price increases; and government
policies and programs on land reform, urban poor housing, mining and the
budget cuts on basic services such as health and education.
To date, there are already 77 political prisoners under the P-Noy
government. Hiding behind Oplan Bayanihan’s slogans of “adherence to human
rights and peace and development”, political repression remains.
On the 39th year of the imposition of martial law, we strongly urge P-Noy
to release all political prisoners and learn the lessons of martial law –
that political persecution and repression will never put an end to the
conflict engendered by government apathy to the cries of the majority
poor, deprived and oppressed! Never again to martial law! Stop political
persecution! Free all political prisoners! ###
IF PNOY IS FOR HUMAN RIGHTS, HE MUST STOP POLITICAL
PERSECUTION AND FREE ALL POLITICAL PRISONERS! – Karapatan
Submitted on Wed, 09/14/2011 - 03:00 Karapatan National Press release
Today, September 13, former political prisoners, relatives and friends of
political prisoners as well as members of human rights organizations hold
a sympathy fast in front of Camp Crame, the headquarters of the Philippine
National Police (PNP) and the PNP Custodial Center where several of the
political prisoners are detained, to reiterate their call to the national
government to free all the political prisoners all over the country.
Taking off from PNoy’s “marching orders” to the new PNP chief not to let
bosses down, Karapatan expressed frustration over the government’s
inaction to release political prisoners who are unjustly detained because
of fabricated charges.
“We don’t understand what the government is waiting for when clearly all
the political prisoners especially the sick, the elderly, the women and
those covered by the JASIG should have been released earlier. The
political prisoners are falsely accused of crimes they have not committed,
contrary to PNoy’s continued mantra that his government is for human
rights,” said Marie Hilao-Enriquez, Karapatan chairperson. Karapatan
bewails the fact that political prisoners who are incarcerated because of
their political beliefs are falsely charged with common crimes to hide the
government’s political persecution of those it labels as “enemies of the
state.” This is a very clear violation of the political prisoners’ rights
and to correct this transgression, it would do well for the government to
Among the Karapatan list of political prisoners are innocent civilians in
Moro/Muslim areas, who were arrested, detained and tortured in the conduct
of the government’s so-called anti-terrorism campaign. They are invariably
presented to the public as members or supporters of what are labeled as
terrorist organizations such as the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) and Jemaiah
Islamiah (JI). Many are intentional victims of mistaken identity, fake
ransom claims and have been made as sacrificial lambs in exchange for more
“anti-terrorist” U.S. aid.
Today, Karapatan joins members of SELDA and the families of political
prisoners in holding a sympathy fast to call on the PNoy government to
release the 360 political prisoners (as of 30 August 2011). The sympathy
fast coincides with various jail protest activities from September 13 to
21, the commemoration of the declaration of Martial Law.
The fasting of political prisoners and their supporters from September
13-21 is the second for this year. The first was held in July in time for
the President’s second SONA. “Political prisoners and people’s
organizations nationwide have carried out a series of actions starting
this year to call for a general, unconditional and omnibus amnesty but
PNoy remains deaf,” said Hilao-Enriquez. “More than one year is too long a
wait for those who were wronged and for those who seek justice. He should
know this; he and his family were victims of political persecution during
Karapatan stressed that the President is capable of releasing political
prisoners as he did when he released the members of Magdalo who rebelled
against Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. All he has to have is the political will
to release those who are wrongly imprisoned.
PR September 21, 2011
Marcos is alive in the person of P-Noy’s
“There are no political prisoners.”
“We have no political prisoners.”
The first statement was issued by former dictator Ferdinand Marcos. The
second statement was issued by P-Noy’s spokesperson Edwin Lacierda.
Marcos’ statement echoes on the lips of P-Noy’s spokesperson 39 years
after Marcos declared martial law. It really is alarming to think that
Marcos is alive!
The day before the 39th year commemoration of the declaration of martial
law, Crisanto Tomarse Fat, 48 year-old political prisoner jailed at the
Negros Provincial jail died because of heart ailment. He is one of the 360
political prisoners languishing in jail because of trumped up charges. He
is among the 28 political prisoners who are sick and should have been
released for humanitarian reasons had this government heeded our call to
release all political prisoners.
Crisanto Fat was jailed because he was a peasant leader in Moises Padilla
town in Negros Occidental. He led the dialogue between the peasants and
the landlords in an ejectment case against the tenants. Yet, he was
charged with illegal possession of firearms and explosives and was in jail
for two years before he died.
This is one clear example of filing trumped up charges against those who
fight for their rights –their right to land and a decent life. This is one
clear example of criminalizing political offenses.
The government has the gall to say that there are no political prisoners
because it has criminalized political offenses conveniently hiding the
fact that there are political prisoners under PNoy’s watch.
The inaction to release the political prisoners is the height of this
government’s apathy and indifference. Malacanang’s denial that there are
no political prisoners is evidence that under this government political
Thus, on the 39th year of the imposition of martial law, we call on the
Filipino people to be ever vigilant to guard and assert their democratic
rights, notwithstanding PNoy’s supposed adherence to human rights because
he is the son of democracy icons. ####
CALL FOR SUPPORT FOR THE EXPEDITIOUS RELEASE OF ALL
ELDERLY AND SICK POLITICAL PRISONERS
Political prisoners (PPs) are those who are arrested, detained and
imprisoned for acts in furtherance of their political beliefs. As a
consequence, they are arbitrarily denied their liberty and due process of
law. They may be charged with political offenses such as rebellion,
sedition and variations thereof.
But more often than not, they are charged with criminal offenses in an
effort to deny the political nature of their alleged offenses and to
stigmatize them as plain criminals guilty of the most heinous crimes.
Political prisoners are slapped with murder, multiple murder, frustrated
murder, arson, kidnapping, robbery-in-band, illegal possession of firearms
and others. These are mostly non-bailable offenses meant to keep the PPs
incarcerated while court hearings proceeded at snail’s pace.
There are a total of 360 political prisoners (PPs) reported to Karapatan
as of August 31, 2011. The vast majority were arrested under the Gloria
Macapagal-Arroyo administration, they being among the most determined in
opposing the corrupt, repressive and puppet Arroyo regime. There are 27
who were arrested before Arroyo’s time and 77 under Benigno Aquino III.
Among them, there are 11 elderly political prisoners and 28 sick ones who
should be expeditiously released on humanitarian and just grounds.
Some of them are as follows:
Jesus Alegre (who will be 67 years old in December), Moreta Alegre, 65,
and son Selman Alegre, 37, all from Sagay Negros Occidental, were simple
folk and farmers, before they were illegally arrested and incarcerated.
Moreta is illiterate while Jesus could write his name but barely could
read and write.
They are a family who had been languishing in prison for 7 years. They
spent four years at the Sagay Prison in Negros Occidental and three years
now at the National Bilibid Prison in Muntinlupa (Jesus and Selman) and at
the Correctional Institution for Women (Moreta). They were arrested
because they were accused in the murder of an associate of a certain
Avelino Gaspar, a landlord in the area who started grabbing their land.
They fought to stay on their land which caused the death of another son
Romeo. Despite the death of Romeo and the threats and harassments they got
from the landlord, they refused to leave their land. Unfortunately, one of
the men of Avelino Gaspar was killed by unidentified persons and this was
blamed on them. They were accused of murder and later convicted to suffer
in jail for life.
Rolando Pañamogan, 47 years old from Ponpunan, Baybay, Leyte, was a leader
of the Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas in the province. He was illegally
arrested in January 2002 and had been in jail since. He faced fabricated
charges of murder and frustrated murder and was later convicted to suffer
life imprisonment. Detained at the New Bilibid prisons, he had been
suffering from diabetes, toxic goiter and congestive heart disease. He has
been confined at the NBP hospital, where facilities and attending medical
personnel are scarce. On several occasions, he had been rushed to the
clinic for shortness of breath and convulsive seizure.
Sandino Esguerra, a farmer from Mulanay Quezon, was arrested by the
military in June 2000 for kidnapping and murder and has been denied his
right to swift resolution of his cases. Eleven years after his arrest and
incarceration, his case is still pending for promulgation at the Regional
Trial Court in Manila, while he is detained at the Manila Sector-Metro
Manila District Jail facility at Camp Bagong Diwa in Taguig City. He was
the breadwinner of their family.
Muhamadiya Hamja, a fisherman from Isabela City, Basilan, was first
illegally arrested in 2001 after Pres. Arroyo declared the State of
Lawless Violence in Basilan in July 2001 on trumped up charges of
kidnapping and serious illegal detention. Because none of the witnesses
positively identified or pinpointed him on the crimes, he was acquitted
and released in June 2005. He was abducted, illegally rearrested, tortured
and detained in November 2009, on the same charges on the same cases where
he was acquitted. He is currently detained at the Basilan Provincial Jail.
We are deeply concerned on the situation of the elderly and sickly
political prisoners. Many of them have serious health problems aggravated,
if not directly caused by poor, unhealthy and merciless prison conditions
and lack of medical attention. This situation has come to public
attention, after President Aquino granted pardon and freedom to Mariano
Umbrero, an elderly political prisoner with stage 4 lung cancer, but who,
ironically, had died in prison four days earlier.
We are likewise concerned with the situation of political prisoners who
are unjustly kept in jail for a long time, while court proceedings are
being conducted at exceedingly slow paces.
We call for the immediate release on humanitarian grounds of the elderly
and sick political prisoners. Aside from the immediate release of the
elderly and sick PPs, we urge Pres. Noynoy Aquino to grant general,
unconditional and omnibus amnesty to all other political prisoners in the
country. We hope that these can be realized on or before September 21,
2011 to show the government’s political will in eliminating the vestiges
of the dictator Marcos’s fascist rule.
Karapatan and SELDA list of other elderly and sick political prisoners:
1. Rogelio Natividad will turn 61 years old this December 2011 and is a
political prisoner at the New Bilibid Prison. He is married with three
children. Before he was arrested, he worked as a simple fisherman from
Malabon City. Arrested in Feb. 2, 1991 and charged and convicted of murder
at the Malabon Trial Court, he has been in jail for the last 20 years.
Compounding his long years of imprisonment are the inhumane conditions in
jail where there is meager food ration and poor hygiene which has caused
him kidney infection , ulcer and hypertension. He has been found to have
kidney stones, which is currently causing him pain.
2. Bernardo Andrade, 61 years old and married, was a resident of Purok
Santan, Old Sagay, Sagay City, Negros Occidental and has nine children.
Before his arrest, he worked as fisherman and member of KAIMASA, an
organization of fishermen in Sagay, Negros Occidental. He was arrested in
Dec 1, 2001, charged and later convicted of murder. He has been in jail
for the past 10 years. Since his arrest and incarceration in 2001, his
family had never visited him for lack of financial and material support.
He is suffering from diabetes, asthma and hypertension. The cramped and
poor ventilation in jail contributes a lot to the worsening of
PUBLIC INFORMATION DESK
Alliance for the Advancement of People's Rights
2nd Flr. Erythrina Bldg., #1 Maaralin corner Matatag Sts., Central
Diliman, Quezon City, PHILIPPINES 1101
Telefax: (+63 2) 4354146
KARAPATAN is an alliance of human rights organizations and programs, human
rights desks and committees of people’s organizations, and individual
advocates committed to the defense and promotion of people’s rights and
civil liberties. It monitors and documents cases of human rights
violations, assists and defends victims and conducts education, training
Veteran activists of the FQS Movement ▼
Planking in Mendiola ▼
ni Pia Montalban
Sirang plakang panalangin natin
At patuloy mga nobena
Kay San Antonio de Padua
Sa mga desaparicidong dinukot sa ating gitna
Ng mga buhay na nawala na lamang nang parang-bula
At patuloy mga Aba Ginoong Maria
Umaamot ng tulong kay Santa Rita de Cascia
Patron ng mga hangaring imposible
Tugunan na ng gobyerno mga protesta sa kalye
At patuloy mga Ama Namin
Kay Hudas Tadeus na Santo, sa iyo kami'y dumadalangin
Ilawit ang pag-asa sa aming hingalay na dila
Uhaw na uhaw sa hindi umaambong hustisya
Ay Aba Ginoong Noynoy
Ama Naming Abnoy
Sa Hacienda Luisita, mga militar ay iyo nang tanggalin
Kundi'y pupuspusin ka namin ng protesta ng pangilin
At sa araw nang pagdatal ng Espiritu
Ay santo-santito kang huhubdan namin sa tunay mong anyo
Banal na kabayo, nagpapanggap na Kristo
Sunugin ka sa nagbabagang apoy ng Impyerno
Awit na itong kay tamis sa pandinig
Sa panahong ganap na ang tagumpay
Ganap na ang Kaharian ng Diyos na buhay
Dito sa lupa
Karapatan Chair Marie Hilao-Enriquez
Beyan Secretary General Renato
Philippine Peace Center Executive
Driector Rey Claro Casambre
By Carol Pagaduan-Araullo
It is supreme irony that while Filipinos were commemorating the
declaration of martial law 39 years ago by the US backed-dictator
Ferdinand E. Marcos and calling for the release of hundreds of political
prisoners, the son of the most prominent victim of martial law, Philippine
President Benigno “Noynoy”Aquino, was being given a pat on the back by US
President Barack Obama, the current chief representative of the
imperialist superpower that benefitted the most from the fascist
Another irony, the presidential spokesperson had the effrontery to declare
that there are no political prisoners under the Aquino regime, a grim
reminder of how Marcos had denied the existence of tens of thousands of
dissidents, opposition leaders and ordinary people who suffered unjust
detention under his thirteen years of iron-fisted rule.
“Never again to martial law!” In order for this defiant pledge to be fully
grasped and wielded as a battle cry by today’s younger generations the
most important lessons of martial rule must be tirelessly recalled and
taught over and over again.
One major aspect sorely lacking in write-ups on martial law, by even those
who lived under its shadow or were directly victimized by it, are
references to how foreign big business and big power interests, chiefly
those of the US, colluded and collaborated with Marcos and his coterie of
generals, cronies, technocrats and apologists, to impose martial rule and
reap its benefits.
The billions of pesos Marcos and his ilk plundered by dipping into the
public treasury as if it were his piggy bank; cornering overpriced
development projects funded by foreign loans; grabbing lands from peasant
and small land-owning communities and turning these into touted
“development” projects; or by simply taking over the businesses of his
political opponents have been amply written about.
What is sidelined is the fact that foreign multinational corporations
which were business partners and financiers of the Marcos clique profited
immensely from the behest loans, big-ticket government projects and other
mind-boggling scams engineered by the dictatorship not to mention the
economic policies favoring foreign monopoly capital that it implemented.
The over-the-top costs of the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant (including fat
commissions to Marcos and Disini, super profits for Westinghouse, and
juicy interest fees for the banks that syndicated the loan) easily comes
to mind. The same goes true for billions worth of onerous foreign debts
incurred by the dictatorship that generations of Filipinos have had to pay
Marcos curried favor with western, chiefly US, imperialist powers by
protecting their economic and politico-military interests in the country.
For one, the Laurel-Langley and Parity Agreements granting parity rights
to US citizens. (i.e. equal economic rights with Filipinos) were to expire
in 1974. Two Supreme Court rulings, the Quasha and Lusteveco decisions
that went sharply against US business interests were set aside by martial
The treaty to normalize trade relations with Japan was stalled in the
legislature by nationalists; an investigation into the operations of
foreign oil companies was being spearheaded by the eminent nationalist
Senator Jose Diokno; and the 1971 constitutional convention counted among
its ranks outspoken nationalists as well. Martial law swept aside all
these threats to foreign big business interests.
There was no word of caution much
less criticism from the US or other so-called Western democracies when
martial law was declared. Foreign chambers of commerce immediately lauded
and gave their unqualified support for it accepting Marcos’
justifications, i.e. quelling security threats from the communists, Moro
secessionists and “rightists” and “reforming society”.
US military bases in the country operated unhampered during martial rule.
Philippine foreign policy hewed closely to that of the US such as support
for the US wars in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia and aggression in other
countries such as in Chile with the US-engineered overthrow of the
democratically-elected Allende government and its replacement with the
Pinochet military dictatorship.
The US justified backing for Marcos
authoritarian rule as a means to ensure stability in the face of a growing
communist-led “insurgency” and heightened nationalism. Military bases and
a US-friendly government were definitely more important than the
preservation of “imperfect” democratic institutions such as a free press,
Congress and a social order that upholds human rights and civil liberties.
It was only when the Marcos fascist dictatorship became extremely isolated
after the assassination of Marcos’ arch-enemy Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino - to
the point that a broad anti-dictatorship front that included people’s
organizations, the bourgeois opposition, the Catholic hierarchy, the
revolutionary forces under the umbrella of the CPP-NPA-NDFP and rebellious
young officers and soldiers of the armed forces was ranged against it -
did the US drop their long-nurtured puppet like a hot potato.
The US quickly repositioned itself to support the anti-Marcos, pro-US
opposition rallying behind Ninoy’s widow Cory Aquino and began
whitewashing its totally self-serving, unprincipled and bloodied backing
for the fallen Marcos. Thus the US basked in the glow of the people power
uprising of 1986 and was back in business supporting a new but no less
subservient client regime.
All this is consistent with the US record of backing up dictators,
tyrants, despots while they serve its geopolitical and economic interests,
and deposing, overthrowing and even assassinating sovereign heads of state
not to its liking.
More so now under the guise of the so-called war on terror, the US, mainly
through the CIA and Special Operations Forces as spearhead of its mighty
high-tech war machine, has been committing flagrant violations of
international law and human rights all over the world with absolute
In this light, the Obama-Aquino meeting on the day of the anniversary of
the imposition of a US-directed dictatorship in the Philippines is nothing
more than a reaffirmation of the continuing collaboration of the local
ruling classes and US imperialism in further exploiting and oppressing the
Filipino people, disguised as a lasting partnership for peace, security
and development in the country.
If anything, what has endured is the odious legacy of poverty and
backwardness, oppression and state forces committing crimes and human
rights violations with impunity. The incessant hikes in oil prices,
deepening poverty and the continuing detention of hundreds of political
prisoners are daily reminders of this enduring collaboration.
Whatever their differences, and there are quite a few, Macoy and Pnoy have
one, and the most important thing, in common -- "Kano ang boss ko!” #
UN INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PEACE IS FARCICAL AND
By the International Coordinating Committee
International League of Peoples’ Struggle
21 September 2011
The International League of Peoples’ Struggle (ILPS) denounces as a
complete sham and grand deception the UN call for the celebration of
September 21 as an “International Day of Peace”. The UN Secretary General
describes this as “a day on which armed conflicts is meant to be stilled…
a day on which we appeal to combatants to observe a ceasefire… a day on
which we reaffirm commitment to non-violence and the peaceful resolution
Nothing can be more hypocritical on a global scale than for the UN to
appeal for non-violence and peace. The United Nations Organization was
established in 1945 after the Second World War supposedly in response to
the global aspiration to preserve peace and prevent war. But through its
sixty-six years as an international agency purportedly with a mission to
keep and ensure global peace, the UN has had its hands dripping with the
blood and tears of millions of victims of imperialist aggression, to which
it had either turned a blind eye if not supported and even vested with a
cloak of legitimacy.
In November 1947, only two years after its establishment, the UN General
Assembly passed Resolution 181 (II), creating the state of Israel by
“partitioning” Palestine into a Jewish state and an Arab state. Pushed by
the US, the partition resolution gave the larger and choice portion to the
minority Jews, and the smaller one to the majority Palestinians. Instead
of putting an end to the armed conflict, the resolution immediately caused
its escalation and intensification, eventually resulting in the ruthless,
violent expulsion of the Palestinians from their homeland.
It also set off a series of Arab-Israeli wars ostensibly over the
existence of the state of Israel vis-à-vis the rights of the Palestinians
to their homeland. But behind all the conflict was the aim of the US
imperialists to secure a foothold in the Middle East and ensure control of
oil and other resources in the region. Since then, Israel has zealously
served the US as junior partner and hatchetman in the Middle East. The UN
has condoned and supported Zionist Israel’s violent oppression and
persecution of the Palestinians, and its military transgressions on
neighboring Arab states such as Lebanon and Syria.
The UN also served US imperialist interests when the US attacked North
Korea in 1950 and began the war of aggression against Korea. The UN
endorsed the US aggression and further sent troops under the guise of
“peace keeping” to fight alongside the US and South Korean armies against
the North Koreans and the Chinese volunteers. It ultimately enforced the
permanent division of the Korean nation through the establishment of the
so-called Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) at the 38th parallel.
In 1960-61, a UN peace-enforcement contingent was sent to the Congo where
its first Prime Minister, Patrice Lumumba, faced a US- and Belgian-backed
rebellion in the Congolese province of Katanga. Lumumba appealed for UN
and even US intervention, but the UN refused while the US continued to
support the rebellion. US official documents declassified years later
reveal that then US President Eisenhower ordered the CIA to “eliminate”
Lumumba, after several attempts to poison him failed. The Katanga rebels
eventually captured Lumumba with the help of CIA and Belgian police
officers. Lumumba again appealed to the UN to intervene, but all the UN
Secretary General Dag Hammarksjold did was to lamely appeal to the
Katangans to treat Lumumba according to the due process of law.
The UN did not act when US-NATO took advantage of ethnic conflict and
intervened in the Kosovo war, subjecting Serbia to intense bombing in
Serbia in March 1999. Instead, UN Security Council Resolution 1244 dated
June 10, 1999 provided the pretext for US-NATO occupation of Kosovo under
the guise of a UN mission to enforce a peace agreement. The resolution in
effect legitimized the US-NATO bombings of Serbia and paved the way for
the separation of Kosovo from Serbia.
Kosovo is now a US-NATO colony, with the biggest US Army base in the
Balkans, Camp Bondsteel, also serving as the headquarters of the NATO
Kosovo Force Multinational Brigade East. It was the first time the UN
invoked “humanitarian” reasons to legitimize aggression and occupation by
imperialist forces. Camp Bondsteel is reportedly being used as a secret
detention center, with one European Council observer describing it as “a
small version of Guantanamo”.
Like Kosovo, Sudan is another country coveted by US imperialism, being
rich in still untapped oil, copper and other natural resources, where the
entry of a UN peacekeeping mission served US imperialist interest rather
than that of the Sudanese. The US had instigated and taken advantage of
ethnic differences as one way of destabilizing the Sudanese government and
preventing Sudan’s extraction of its natural resources with the help of
China. The US brokered the Darfur Peace Agreement between the Sudanese
government and the rebels it has backed, with provisions for the presence
of US troops under a UN peacekeeping force.
The UN again sat idly by while the US and its “coalition of the willing”
allies invaded and occupied Afghanistan and then Iraq on false claims of
countering terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
When the US found itself saddled with rising costs of occupation and many
of its allies withdrew from the coalition, the UN was called upon to set
up a “Peacebuilding Commission” to provide a politically acceptable
mechanism for overseeing the occupation and sharing the financial burden.
The Peacebuilding Commission, which includes all the permanent members of
the Security Council at its core, primarily brings together international
donors, and financial institutions, national governments, troop
contributing countries; marshals resources and advises on and proposes
integrated strategies for post-conflict peacebuilding and recovery. A
Peacebuilding Fund was also provided for in the UN resolutions
establishing the Peace Commission.
The most recent and most blatant example so far of how the UN is being
used to legitimize and deodorize naked imperialist aggression under the
guise of “humanitarian intervention” is the March 2011 UN Security Council
Resolution 1973 (2011) ordering a “No-Fly-Zone over Libya” and air strikes
against Muammar Gaddafi “to ensure the protection of civilians”. Thinking
that a few bombings for a few days would bring about the downfall of
Gaddafi, the US and its NATO allies were at first careful to point out
that the intervention precludes hitting non-military targets, deploying
ground forces or arming the so-called Libyan rebels.
But as the months wore on and there were no direct hits to finish off
Gaddafi and topple his regime, the targets became more visibly
non-military, and the presence of foreign ground troops and the arming of
the rebels became an open secret. The bombings have been extremely
barbaric and resulted in a full blown invasion, tens of thousands of
civilian casualties (at least 50,000 according to the NATO rebels
themselves) and untold destruction of social infrastructure and civilian
structures. No end is in sight for the violence unleashed and further
generated by the UN and NATO.
By acts of commission and omission, the UN has been wantonly violating the
provisions in its own Charter upholding the norms of international law
especially on respecting national sovereignty and defining the parameters
for the use of armed force. In September 2008, UN Secretary General Ban Ki
-Moon and NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer signed a
declaration of cooperation which reportedly included cooperation in
“maintaining international security on the basis of the UN Charter and
certain international directives”. But the text of the declaration has
been kept secret even to Security Council members, eliciting suspicion as
to its contents.
It is not surprising that the UN hardly enforces resolutions, such as
those passed by the General Assembly, that are not attuned to imperialist
interests, while those that serve imperialist interests are the ones that
are enforced. It is in the General Assembly where issues are discussed
openly and voted upon democratically, each member country being
represented and having equally one vote. But it has no implementing power
and thus its resolutions have only the power of moral suasion, no matter
that these are democratically arrived at.
The real power to decide and implement lies in the Security Council, which
has only fifteen members, ten of whom are temporary and on rotation basis.
The remaining five permanent members, all victors in the Second World War,
each has a veto power over the fourteen others. Additionally, the US is
undisputedly “the first among equals”, being the biggest donor
contributing up to 22 percent of the UNO’s finances aside from having the
mightiest military machine.
The pretense at maintaining global peace and security is as deceitful as
the related myth of promoting development and progress. The UN pays lip
service to the need for global and economic justice especially for the
third world countries, if there is to be an enduring peace. But its
programs and policies, such as the Millennium Development Goals, are
designed to serve the corporate agenda of imperialist globalization
instead of instituting structural and policy reforms such as national
industrialization, the cancellation of onerous debts and the reversal of
WTO trade regimes and neoliberal reforms imposed by the IMF-WB. The
perpetuation of these policies daily inflict the slow but severe violence
through poverty and social injustice that afflicts the majority of peoples
all over the world.
It is thus totally pathetic and disgusting for the UN to continue the
pretense at being the champions of world peace. Its calls for an
international day of peace, ceasefire and non-violence ring hollow amid
the cacophony of injustice, murder and genocide that it has been a willing
party to. The UN, especially its Security Council and the office of the
Secretary General, has been a tool of the US and its imperialist allies
and reactionary puppets for waging wars of aggression against sovereign
states as well as for armed counterrevolution against the people and their
The ILPS calls on all its member organizations and allies to totally
expose and oppose the UN for being a front and tool of imperialist plunder
and war, not an international agency for promoting peace and development.
Only the solidarity of the people and all those who resist and struggle
against imperialism can pave the way to a world with genuine peace and
Communist Party of the Philippines
September 22, 2011
AFP 1-day ceasefire is one big sham--CPP
The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) today dismissed the one-day
ceasefire declared by the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) as "a
hypocritical publicity stunt that aims to cover up the violence and abuses
being perpetrated daily by AFP forces against the people, especially in
The CPP lambasted Presidential spokesperson Edwin Lacierda who chided the
revolutionary forces for not declaring their own ceasefire to coincide
with the United Nation's International Day of Peace yesterday. "Mr.
Lacierda is a pretentious peace advocate. He speaks of peace simply to
cover up the large-scale war being carried out by the AFP against the
people and their resistance movement."
"Under the deceptive signboard of 'Peace and Development', the AFP and PNP
have been militarizing civilian communities, violating democratic rights,
causing widespread economic dislocation and traumatizing children and
The CPP cited the following violations committed by the AFP and the
Philippine National Police in just the past few days:
September 10, 2011. At around 3 p.m., operating troops of the 30th IBPA
shot at Bebit Kalinaw Enriquez, a Mamanwa woman who was on her way to
fetch water from a river in the mountainous area of Panaytayon in Brgy.
Mahaba, Cabadbaran City, Agusan del Norte. Soldiers then prevented Bebit's
family from bringing her to the hospital and instead brought her to the
army hospital where she was misrepresented as an NPA member wounded in an
encounter. The military later changed its story and falsely claimed that
the victim was hit by an NPA land mine.
September 13, 2011. Three farmers of Baranggay Matanglad, Pio Duran, Albay
were accosted by soldiers belonging to the Special Intelligence Team under
the 2nd IB. Edwin Palmones, 40; Severino Convocar Jr.; and Federico
Olaguer 60, all of Sitio Sukip, Matanglad were accused as "NPA supporters"
September 14, 2011. While doing their rounds at around 3 a.m., six village
watchmen of Brgy San Jose, Antipolo City, just outside Manila, were
illegally detained by members of the Philippine National Police's Special
Action Force. They were forced down to the ground as the police fired
their weapons indiscriminately, causing widespread fear among the
FQS Movement Chair Bonifacio Ilagan
Axel Pinpin reads a poem from his
latest book of poems
September 21, 2011
Reference: Angie Ipong, Secretary General, SELDA (0949-9587373)
SELDA TO PNOY: LEARN FROM LESSONS OF MARTIAL
LAW, RELEASE ALL POLITICAL PRISONERS ESP SICK AND ELDERLY
In a rally on the commemoration of the imposition of Martial Law held
today, the Samahan ng Ex-detainees Laban sa Detensyon at Aresto (SELDA)
called on Pres. Noynoy Aquino to learn from the lessons of Martial Law and
release all political prisoners especially the elderly and sickly among
“The Marcos military government imprisoned hundreds of political prisoners
to muffle the people’s resistance against the dictatorial rule of Marcos.
The President’s mother, Corazon Aquino, sought to rectify this injustice
by releasing all political prisoners immediately after People Power I.
Pnoy should thus learn from this significant period in our history and
immediately release all political prisoners, especially the elderly and
sickly political prisoners, as well as those who were denied of
expeditious resolutions of their cases, for just and humanitarian grounds.
Their continued detention violates and breaches basic human rights,
similar to the rights violations under Martial Law,” said Angie Ipong,
Secretary General of SELDA.
Ipong added that among the notorious legacies of the Marcos dictatorship
were the illegal arrest and detention of political prisoners who fought
against the corrupt and repressive regime and such reality exists to this
day, with 360 political prisoners (according to Karapatan, as of August
30, 2011) languishing in jails for fabricated and trumped-up charges
against because of the exercise of their political beliefs that run
counter to those of the powers running our government. She also added that
there are already 77 political prisoners illegally arrested and are
currently detained under the Aquino administration
“Political prisoner Crisanto Fat, 48 years old, died yesterday of heart
ailment, being imprisoned since April 2009 at the Negros Provincial Jail.
It is appalling that Aquino remains disinterested and unperturbed by the
situation of political prisoners, especially of those who are sick and
elderly,” she said.
She cited Jesus Alegre (who will be 67 years old in December), Moreta
Alegre, 65 and son Selman Alegre, 37, all from Sagay Negros Occidental,
were simple fishermen and farmers, before they were illegally arrested and
incarcerated. They are a family who had been languishing in prison for
seven years and are now at the New Bilibid Prisons and at the Correctional
Institution for Women (Moreta). They were imprisoned because they were
accused in the murder of an associate of a certain Avelino Gaspar, a
landlord in the area who started grabbing their land. They fought to stand
for the land which caused the death of his son, Romeo Alegre. Despite the
death of Romeo and the threats and harassments they got from the landlord,
they refused to leave their land.
Unfortunately, one of the men of Avelino Gaspar was killed by unidentified
persons and this was attributed to them. They were accused of murder and
later convicted to suffer in jail for life. Their long years of
imprisonment, the stress and inhumane conditions in jail, have made them
sickly with arthritis and hypertension. Moreta has a weak heart and she
has to move slowly. Not one of their relatives has visited them for lack
Moreta has this to say: “Please help us so we can still see our children
and our grandchildren, we do not want to die without seeing them; while
Jesus says, “We are made to suffer for sins we did not commit. It’s
because we do not have money and power and we just want to live simply
tilling our small land so we can live.” Selman also says: “Please tell
president P-Noy to release us. We don’t want to spend our whole life so
unproductive. My father and mother are so very old. Please free them”.
Ipong also cited Rolando Pañamogan, 47 years old from Ponpunan, Baybay,
Leyte, a leader of the Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas in the province,
who was illegally arrested in January 2002 and had been in jail since. He
faced fabricated charges of murder and frustrated murder and was later
convicted to suffer life imprisonment. Detained at the New Bilibid
Prisons, he had been suffering diabetes, deep toxic goiter and congestive
heart failure, and has recently been confined at the NBP hospital due to
lowered blood pressure, a complication of his diabetes, where facilities
and attending medical personnel are scarce. On several occasions, he had
been rushed to the clinic for shortness of breath and convulsive seizures.
“We are deeply concerned especially on the situation of the elderly and
sickly political prisoners, many of them have serious health problems
which have been aggravated if not directly caused by poor, unhealthy and
merciless prison conditions and environment and lack of medical attention
while in prison. This situation has come to the fore in public, after
President Aquino granted pardon and freedom to an elderly political
prisoner with stage 4 lung cancer, but who, ironically, had died in prison
four days earlier. He has to release them immediately,” Ipong concluded.
Karapatan and SELDA list of other elderly and sick political prisoners:
1. Rogelio Natividad will turn 61 years old
this December 2011 and is a political prisoner at the New Bilibid Prison.
He is married with three children. Before he was arrested, he worked as a
simple fisherman from Malabon City. Arrested in Feb. 2, 1991 and charged
and convicted of murder at the Malabon Trial Court, he has been in jail
for the last 20 years. Compounding his long years of imprisonment are the
inhumane conditions in jail where there is meager food ration and poor
hygiene which has caused him kidney infection , ulcer and hypertension. He
has been found to have kidney stones, which is currently causing him pain.
2. Bernardo Andrade, 61 years old and married,
was a resident of Purok Santan, Old Sagay, Sagay City, Negros Occidental
and has nine children. Before his arrest, he worked as fisherman and
member of KAIMASA, an organization of fishermen in Sagay, Negros
Occidental. He was arrested in Dec 1, 2001, charged and later convicted of
murder. He has been in jail for the past 10 years. Since his arrest and
incarceration in 2001, his family had never visited him for lack of
financial and material support. He is suffering from diabetes, asthma and
hypertension. The cramped and poor ventilation in jail contributes a lot
to the worsening of his asthma.
3. Cresenciano Inocerta, 64 years old and
married with five children, is from Maloonay, Valencia, Negros Oriental.
He used to be a peasant organizer of Kaugmaon sa mga Maguuma, an
organization of peasants in their area. He was arrested in August 11, 1999
charged of a murder of a CAFGU. While in jail, he has contracted
tuberculosis and underwent treatment for six months. He has been
considered healed of TB but he continues to suffer asthma, arthritis and
constant cough. Because of the distance of his family’s residence to NBP,
he has not been visited by any member of his family and kin.
4. Manolito Matricio, 60 years old, is from
Mamburao, Mindoro Occidental and is married with six children. Before his
arrest, he was the provincial chairman of the Kilusang Magbubukid ng
Pililipinas and a National Council Member of said organization. He has
been suffering from arthritis, diabetes and hypertension.
5. Ernesto Dumlao, detained at the Quezon City
Jail, has asthma and has been sleeping on the floor of the Quezon City
Jail because he cannot pay for a “tarima” (cot) that costs P3,000.
6. Antonino Roda, detained at the Misamis
Occidental Provincial Reformatory Jail, has severe kidney infection,
urinating with blood several times already.
7. JASIG-protected Emeterio Antalan, detained
at Camp Bagong Diwa, who has kidney problems and fluctuating blood
pressure and has previously collapsed while he was in jail in Nueva Ecija,
and did not receive proper medical attention nor was he rushed to the
hospital as what emergency cases should have been treated inside prison.
The Samahan ng Ex-Detainees Laban sa Detensyon at Aresto (SELDA) is an
organization of former political prisoners in the Philippines. Founded on
December 4, 1984, SELDA was initiated by newly-released political
prisoners of the martial law period. SELDA’s primary task is to work for
the release of all political prisoners and to see to it that humane
treatment of those who are still in detention are complied with by the
Philippine authorities. SELDA advocates justice for current and former
political prisoners. It calls for the mobilisation of resources in support
of political prisoners, former detainees and their families. It carries
out legislative advocacy for the indemnification and rehabilitation of
political prisoners. SELDA goes into partnership and builds solidarity
with concerned individuals and groups for the freedom and welfare of
political prisoners and all victims of tyranny.
SELDA National Office: 2/F, Erythrina Bldg., #1 Maaralin corner Matatag
Brgy. Central District, Diliman, Quezon City 1101, Philippines
Tel: 632-4342837 Fax: 632-4354146
Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
POSITION PAPER: of the Samahan ng Ex-detainees Laban
sa Detensyon at Aresto (SELDA) on the Substitute Bill in the Senate known
as the “Human Rights Victims Compensation Act of 2011”
SAMAHAN NG EX-DETAINEES LABAN SA DETENSYON AT ARESTO
National Office: #1 Maaralin cor. Matatag Streets, brgy. Central District,
Diliman Quezon City 1101 Philippines
E-mail: email@example.com Telefax: 632-4342837
September 20, 2011
Reference: Angie Ipong, Secretary General, SELDA (0949-9587373)
FORMER POLITICAL PRISONERS UNDER MARTIAL LAW CALL
FOR JUSTICE AND INDEMNIFICATION OF MARTIAL VICTIMS
In commemoration of the imposition of Martial Law, former political
prisoners and victims under the dark years under former Pres. Ferdinand
Marcos today trooped to the Senate to call for justice and indemnification
of Martial Law victims.
Angie Ipong, Secretary General of the Samahan ng Ex-Detainees Laban sa
Detensyon at Aresto (SELDA), an organization of former political prisoners
established in 1984, appealed to the senators, particularly to Sen. Sergio
Osmena, author of the senate bill on Marcos Victims’ Compensation, and
Sen. Francis Escudero, Chairperson of the Committee on Justice and Human
Rights, to review the Senate Substitute Bill considering the questions and
objections raised by SELDA and, together with the House of
Representatives, enact a law that will immediately render long-sought
justice and indemnification for the victims.
Immediately after People Power I, in its desire to show the world the
systematic and gross human rights violations unleashed by the dictator on
the Filipino people and their courageous struggle to fight it, SELDA filed
a class action suit against the Marcoses at the US Federal Court System.
“Justice delayed is justice denied. It has been more than two decades
already since SELDA filed the case against Marcos in the US Federal
District Court System on April 7, 1986. In 1991, the U.S. Federal Court
system ruled that Marcos was guilty of “crimes against humanity” which
included torture, summary executions and forced disappearances. Until now,
no enabling law has been passed for the indemnification of Martial Law
victims. It is quite ironic that the current president, whose father and
family became victims of political persecution under Martial Law, has not
taken keen interest in seeking justice for Martial Law victims,” Ipong
SELDA is supporting the House Substitute Bill initiated by progressive
partylist representatives led by Bayan Muna in the Lower House. Ipong said
that with the presence of the Marcoses in both houses of Congress, the
Aquino administration should show resolve in addressing this long overdue
demand of Martial Law victims.
Among the questions and objections raised by SELDA are as follows (please
also see attached position paper of SELDA):
1) The Senate Substitute Bill must recognize and duly take into
consideration the final judgment of the US Federal Court System in the
Human Rights Litigation against the Estate of Ferdinand E. Marcos (Multi
District Litigation 840) and the Swiss Federal Supreme Court Decision of
December 10, 1997. The Senate version merely provides for a prima facie or
disputable presumption, which presumption is susceptible of being
contradicted by evidence to the contrary. It is in danger of disregarding
the historical landmark judgement on the class action suit filed by the
victims in Hawaii, where the victims have gone through a rigorous process
of screening, first by the human rights organizations themselves who made
sure that the complainants are legitimate victims, and the Marcos lawyers
who would make sure that a fake claimant, if any, is exposed. Even the
Hawaii court conducted its own processing of the victims. The US court
made awards to certain categories of victims through three phases of the
trial (on liability, exemplary damage and compensatory damage), with
jurors and experts evaluating the claims in accordance with certain norms
and measurements under the well-developed tort system in the US. Thus, it
is but just that Senate primarily recognizes this judgment and
acknowledges the established right of those already proven as victims in
the US court and make immediately available compensation for them.
2) The Senate Substitute Bill should acknowledge and recognize the
significant role of the main organizations that worked for the victims
immediately after martial law—particularly in documenting their cases and
filing of complaints for their compensation. SELDA is the main
organizations that conducted the documentation of the 9,539 human rights
victims immediately after martial law. Together with the Task Force
Detainees of the Philippines (TFDP) and the Friends and Families of
Victims of Disappearances (FIND), these were the non-government
organizations that were very active in monitoring and documenting human
rights violations during the Martial Law Period. These three should be the
main organization included in the commission that will be tasked to
identify the victims and implement the enacted law.
3) The most questionable provision in Section 3 of the Senate Substitute
Bill is the qualification that for a human rights violation to be
compensable, the killing, torture or infliction of physical injuries must
be committed against a ‘Filipino citizen peacefully exercising civil or
political rights’. This provision could be used to exclude anyone who was
an MNLF, NPA, Light a Fire movement, EDSA or other supposed non peaceful
rebellions, arrested and summarily executed, on the ground that he was not
‘peacefully exercising ‘ her rights when she was ‘salvaged’. Remember that
it was at this period when the anti-dictatorship forces have reached such
breadth, from armed to non-armed resistance, because of the ferocity of
the military violence. The Senate Substitute Bill impliedly declares that
once you resorted to armed resistance, you have forfeited your human
▲ Five Morong 43 members
dramatize the torture
and harassment of their arrest and detention
September 21, 2011
Reference: Cristina Palabay, Tanggol Bayi Spokesperson (09175003879)
When the bullets killed Sunshine
Women’s rights group condemns the killing of
7-year old child in Compostela Valley, demands for the immediate pull-out
of military troops from communities
Women’s rights group Tanggol Bayi today condemned the recent killing of
7-year old Sunshine Jabinez in Brgy. Napnapan, Pantukan by drunken
elements of the 71st Infantry Battalion under the 10th Infantry Division
of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) last September 2, 2011.
According to the documentation by Karapatan-Southern Mindanao, Jabinez was
shot by Private First Class (Pfc) Baltazar M. Ramos, a member of the 71st
IB encamping in the said community, who fired his armalite
indiscriminately in the direction of the house of Jabinez’s family after
figuring in a heated altercation with a fellow soldier.
Cristina Palabay, spokesperson of Tanggol Bayi, said the deployment,
encampment and operations of the AFP in civilian communities put the lives
of the residents at great risk and further heighten the vulnerability of
women and children to military violence.
“Under Pres. Aquino’s Oplan Bayanihan, such operations are repackaged as
Peace and Development Outreach Programs of the AFP which is nothing but a
second rate copycat of its Re-Engineered Special Operations Teams meant to
conduct extensive militarization in civilian communities. Such militarist
schemes have only resulted to massive human rights violations, including
this recent killing of Sunshine, and the perpetuation of impunity as the
military continues to subjugate the civilians under their control and
power,” she asserted.
Palabay called on the House of Representatives and the Senate to
investigate the said incident and come out with a resolution for the
immediate pull-out of military troops in the region as the continued
deployment and operations in these areas are a threat to the lives and
security of people, especially women and children.
“We also demand that the proposed budget of the Department of National
Defense and the AFP be rechanelled to the budget for education, health and
other social services, lest Congress allows these funds to be used for
increased militarization and rights violations especially in the rural
areas,” she added.
The woman leader likewise called for the immediate prosecution of Ramos
and his colleagues in the 71st IBPA and, in a parallel vein, “we point out
the accountability of Lt. Camilo Legayo of the said infantry battalion and
Maj. Gen. Jorge Segovia of the 10th IDPA in the massive deployment of
military troops in the Southern Mindanao region.”
September 17, 2011
Reference: Cristina Palabay, Tanggol Bayi Spokesperson (09175003879)
RIGHTS VIOLATIONS, DETENTION OF WOMEN RIGHTS
DEFENDERS CONTINUE UNDER PNOY – TANGGOL BAYI
TanggolBayi, an organization of women human rights defenders, today called
for the immediate release of all political prisoners, especially women
political prisoners, the elderly and sickly ones, as they joined the
families and friends of political prisoners in a henna tattoo and
facepainting activity at the Quezon Memorial Circle.
Cristina Palabay, convenor of TanggolBayi, said there are currently thirty
women political prisoners among the 360 political prisoners who are
currently detained in various jail facilities.
“Many of them were charged with fabricated charges of rebellion and
criminal offenses in the course of their work and advocacies as women
human rights defenders, when they question and became vocal and active
critics of government policies and programs. It is lamentable that the
political persecution, repression, state violence and militarism against
women human rights defenders continue, from the Martial Law period up to
the present administration,” said Palabay.
Among these women political prisoners are MoretaAlegre (Correctional
Institution for Women), a 65 year old farmer, who was imprisoned together
with her husband Jesus and son Selman, because of trumped up charges of
murder, as they were vocal critics and campaigners against landgrabbing in
their area; 21-year old MariconMontajes (Batangas Provincial Jail), the
youngest among political detainees, who was a student filmmaker from the
University of the Philippines Film Institute, a member of film
organization UP Sining at Lipunan and of the College Editors Guild of the
Philippines, arrested in June 2010 during an immersion program with
peasants in Batangas; 57-year old Gloria Floresca(Ilocos Sur Provincial
Jail), a former organizer of Gabriela in La Union, who was illegally
arrested recently on rebellion charges; 42-year old businesswoman Marilyn
Badayos-Condes(Dumaguete City Jail), arrested June 2011 for charges of
rebellion and was denied immediate medical attention when her injured arm
bled during her arrest; Lumad Manobo activist JovelynTawa-ay and former
student activist Lucy Canda (Correctional Institution for Women), arrested
in 2006 during a military operation, held incommunicado for three days,
and charged with rebellion; and 29-year old Charity Diño (Batangas
Provincial Jail), a former school teacher, who was illegally arrested,
tortured and detained in 2009 while she and her colleagues were inviting
community residents for the activities for urban poor week.
TanggolBayi called on Pres. Noynoy Aquino “to take heart and show
compassion for these women, many of them are mothers and grandmothers
whose families have been left at a disadvantage because of their absence
and the continuing violation of their rights, by acting on their immediate
and unconditional release.”
“Every day they are kept in jail, their rights as women human rights
defenders are being violated, constrained and silenced, Palabay concluded.
Tanggol Bayi is an association of women human rights defenders in the
Philippines to advance women’s rights as human rights. Tanggol Bai is
formed to further develop the capability of women human rights defenders
to protect and advance women’s, human and peoples’ rights while giving
special attention to the rights of WHRDs; to provide a venue by which
WHRDs can give mutual assistance to one another especially to those who
are facing immediate threats; provide information and facilitate HR
education to WHRDs to even better sensitize them to violations of
political, civil, economic, social and cultural rights; through common
effort, enable WHRDs to effectively forward policies and legislations,
fight for their rights and generate resources for the needs of their human
rights advocacy; and network with other human rights organizations in the
country and abroad.
Contact us at:
2/F Erythrina Bldg., #1 Maaralin corner Matatag Streets
Barangay Central District, Diliman, Quezon City
Telephone: (632) 434 2837
Fax: (632) 435 4146